This image features many of the pivotal figures in the 1940s civil rights vanguard in South Carolina. From left: John Bolt Culbertson, Modjeska Monteith Simkins, Roy Wilkins, Rev. James M. Hinton, John H. McCray. (Image courtesy of Historic Columbia Foundation)
Formation of the South Carolina NAACP State Conference of Branches
On November 10, 1939, twenty-nine representatives from branches around South Carolina met at Benedict College in Columbia and founded the South Carolina NAACP State Conference of Branches. The organization became an important vehicle for cooperative mass action to integrate public schools, reclaim full political rights for Black South Carolinians, and topple the state’s Jim Crow regime.